Ombudsman Commission of Papua New Guinea
The ombudsman concept mushroomed throughout the world in the 1960s and 70s. Its history is traced back to the appointment in Sweden in the early 1800s of special, independent officers whose job it was to investigate complaints about the exercise of powers by the government.
An ombudsman, by tradition, is therefore a person who investigates complaints about administration, with a minimum of fuss and formality. Emphasis is placed on searching for "the truth". An ombudsman determines whether a complaint is justified. And if it is, recommendations are made, aimed at correcting injustice.
The Ombudsman Commissionof Papua New Guinea was envisaged as the institution that would provide a quick,flexible means of redress for aggrieved citizens suffering from administrative injustice. The Ombudsman Commission was seen as the institution that would assist ordinary people throughout the country who felt aggrieved by actions or inactions of the bureaucracy of any institution of government.
The Ombudsman Commission is an independent institution established directly by the Constitution. It forms an integral part of the system of checks and balances that have been out in place by the Constitution to regulate the governance of Papua New Guinea .
In general terms, the Commission has been established to: guard against the abuse of power by those in the public sector; assist those exercising public power to do their jobs efficiently and fairly and impose accountability on those who are exercising public power.
There are two special features of the Ombudsman Commission that set it apart from equivalent institutions in other countries. The Ombudsman Commission performs a range of different functions, which in other countries are dealt with by different institutions. The Commission's independence is guaranteed by the Constitution, in a number of different ways. In most other countries, ombudsman institutions do not have this special status.
Another innovative feature of the way the ombudsman concept was developed in PNG is the use of a Commission, rather than a single office-holder, to exercise the constitutional powers. In most other countries, the powers of an ombudsman rest ultimately with a single person.
The Ombudsman Commission's vision is to promote good leadership and good governance (Ombudsman Commission Strategic Plan 2001-2005).
The Ombudsman Commission aspires:
This is the constitutional mandate and the mission of the Ombudsman Commission provided under Section 218 (purposes of the Commission) of the Constitution (Ombudsman Commission Strategic Plan 2001 - 2002).
The members of the Commission and officers in the Service of the Commission are motivated by the Constitution and the National Goals and Directive Principles enshrined in the Constitution. These are the goals and objectives that the People of Papua New Guinea, through their elected representatives adopted at Independence on 16 September 1975.
The appointment of Members of the Ombudsman Commission
The Chief Ombudsman and the two Ombudsmen are appointed by the Governor-General, acting with, and in accordance with the advice of the Ombudsman Appointments Committee (Constitution, Section 217(2)). This Committee consists of:
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